Kidney cancer is formed in the nephrons – the tiny tubes of the kidney that filter blood and produce urine. In 2010, approximately 4,800 people will be diagnosed with kidney cancer, and 1,650 people will die from the disease.
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer in adults, representing about 80 per cent of all kidney cancer. RCC is considered advanced when the cancer has metastasized, or spread, beyond the primary cancer site. Metastatic cancer is often found in nearby lymph nodes and may spread to other organs or bones.
Known risk factors for kidney cancer include smoking, hypertension, obesity, and occupational exposure to some chemicals.
Kidney Cancer Canada is a charitable patient-led support organization established to improve the quality of life for patients and their families living with kidney cancer. Kidney Cancer Canada advocates for access to new treatments, provides support and information to patients, funds much-needed research, and works to increase awareness of kidney cancer as a significant health issue.
For more information on kidney cancer and Kidney Cancer Canada, visit www.kidneycancercanada.ca